How to Identify Different Types of Magic Mushrooms

How to Identify Different Types of Magic Mushrooms

There are literally hundreds of different kinds of magic mushrooms around the world. That is why when you want to experiment with them, you should know just what you are working with. However, a few varieties are more common. Remember to look at each one very carefully, and never use one without being 100 percent certain that it is safe to do.

About Mushroom Poisoning

Some mushrooms have certain toxins in them. Mushroom poisoning often happens after someone misidentifies wild mushrooms as being safe to consume and then eats them. There are several symptoms of mushroom poisoning, and the severity can vary, as well. Some toxins can cause simple gastrointestinal discomfort, but others can be life-threatening.

That is why you should become more familiar with the many different kinds of wild mushrooms out there. That way, you can better differentiate between the ones that are safe to use and the ones that are not. Then, you can have a reliable and safe trip each time.

About Psilocybin Mushrooms

Psilocybin mushrooms, also known as shrooms, are the most popular magic mushrooms. Their name suggests that they have psilocybin in them, which is a psychoactive component. This is what causes your mind-altering effects.

There are more than 200 different kinds of shrooms that have psilocybin in them, but the most potent ones are in the Psilocybe genus. These mushrooms can be found all over the world, and evidence suggests that they were also used by the people who lived in Mesoamerica for divination, healing, and religious purposes.

About Psilocybin Mushrooms

Psilocybe Semilanceata

This species is also known as liberty caps, and they are one of the most potent types of psilocybin mushrooms. They have large, brown caps, and the stems are curved and pale. The caps are around 5 to 22 millimetres in diameter, and the shrooms are around 6 to 22 millimetres long. They might be bell or conical shaped.

The colour of the cap can vary depending on how well hydrated the shroom is. If it is well-hydrated, it will be a darker shade of brown and might have a green or blue tinge. There can also be grooves going down it. There are around 15 to 27 gills on the bottom of the cap, and if the shroom is injured, it will turn blue.

You can find these shrooms in both Europe and North America. They usually like to grow in pastures and meadows. But they do not grow in manure, like some other kinds of shrooms do.

Psilocybe Cubensis

This is one of the most common kinds of shrooms, and people usually call it the golden teacher. You can find them usually in Central America, some parts of South America, the United States, and Southeast Asia.

The cap of the golden teacher is around 20 to 80 millimetres in diameter. The caps can be flatter in younger shrooms and become conical once they get older. They have a cinnamon colour, and under the caps, you can find gills that are very close together. The gills are gray in the beginning and then become darker. In mature shrooms, the gills are nearly black.

Usually, the shrooms will flower before the hottest time of the year. They were described in Cuba first, but now, you can find them around the world because they are pretty easy to grow.

Psilocybe Mexicana

This species is native to South and Central America. Indigenous people have used it for thousands of years. These shrooms have big caps that are usually around 10 to 20 millimetres in diameter, and they have a bell or conical shape. They can be beige or brown in colour. They might have green or blue tones to them, and they can be blue when they are injured.

These shrooms can be in groups or by themselves. They can pop up by roadsides near moss, and they like grassy areas and humid weather. You can usually find them at elevations of around 300 to 550 metres in the summer months.

Psilocybe Mexicana

Psilocybe Cyanescens

These shrooms are also known as wavy caps, and you can find them in Central Europe, Western Europe, North America, and some areas in the Middle East. They have big wavy caps that are around 15 to 50 millimetres in diameter. The caps will be wavier when the shrooms are more mature.

When the shrooms are moist, they have a chestnut brown or caramel colour. Once they get to be drier, they will be paler and become a yellowish or buff colour. Many parts of the shrooms, like the stems and gills, are blue when you injure or even touch them. The gills might be dark purple or light brown, and they have lighter edges.

Psilocybe Azurescens

These shrooms are also called the flying saucer mushrooms, and they are very potent. They can grow naturally in a small part of the western United States. However, people now grow them around the world.

They have caps that are shaped similarly to saucers, and they can be around 30 to 100 millimetres around. The younger shrooms have more conical shaped caps, and they become flatter as they mature. When they are moist, they are usually caramel or chestnut brown coloured. When they are mature, they might have a deep blue hue. The edges around the caps might have grooves that go with the gills under them. When they are bruised, they can get dark blue quickly. The stems of mature ones are white.

Closing Thoughts 

You should be careful with any mushrooms that you find out in the wild. It is dangerous to have mushroom poisoning. That is why you should be extremely careful when you are picking or even handling them.

Remember not to consume or pick any mushrooms unless you know it is safe. You should not touch your face with your hands after handling a shroom since that can put harmful toxins in your system. Consider purchasing your magic mushrooms from a dispensary that can offer a safe experience.


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